Significance and Challenges of Criminology in Public Policy

Edwin H. Sutherland gave a comprehensive definition of the term criminology – the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon....[]. It is important to understand and study criminology - to know why individuals commit crime, what are the social conditions out of which crime emerges, what provokes offenders, to improve the criminal justice system. Criminology is a science which deals with different aspects of human behavior that violate criminal law. Edwin

Conceptions of Criminal Liability: Individualism and Corporatism

This article aims to examine the corporate criminal liability framework. It highlights the individualistic bias of this framework and the problems this bias creates when imposing liability on corporations. The second part of this article focuses on the manner in which the judiciary has tried to mould this individualistic framework to impose criminal liability on corporations. It also proposes alternative punishments that could be imposed on organizations to make criminal liability more effective. 

Capital Sentencing Framework in India: A History of Judicial Inconsistencies

The article explores the capital sentencing framework laid down by the apex court in Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab (1980). Beginning with an examination of contemporary developments surrounding death penalty sentencing, the author maps the inconsistencies and arbitrary application of the Bachan Singh framework through an examination of landmark judgments of the Supreme Court. The author's emphasis lies on how courts have erratically looked at the mitigating circumstances of the crime and the criminal.