Consists of  25 questions | Based on CLAT pattern | Criminal Law | Legal Reasoning.

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Principle: Inevitable accident is a good defence.

Facts: Two children were fighting. Ramsay Bolton, while trying to separate them, hit Bran the builder who was standing nearby. Is Ramsay liable?

OPTION 1: Yes, he should have taken care when he knew that Bran was standing nearby.

OPTION 2: No, it was a pure accident.

OPTION 3: No, Bran should have stepped aside.

OPTION 4: No, Ramsay respects other people and will never hurt them intentionally.


Principle: Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person’s consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft.

Facts: Aditi Mozika stole laddoos from a temple because she just wanted to show that she can and that she loves laddoos. Is she guilty of theft?

OPTION 1: Yes, she is guilty of theft.

OPTION 2: No, she is not guilty because stealing from temple does not constitute theft.

OPTION 3: No, because she is the best girl.

OPTION 4: No, because there is no dishonest intention.


Facts: Unagi is carried off by a tiger. Gunther fires at the tiger, knowing that the shot might hit Unagi, but with no intention to kill Unagi, and in good faith trying to save Unagi. Gunther’s shot, however, injured Unagi.

OPTION 1: Gunther has committed an offence of a grievous nature.

OPTION 2: Gunther has no moral duty to save Unagi, therefore, he can be held liable.

OPTION 3: Gunther has not committed any offence, as the act was in good faith and for the benefit of Unagi.

OPTION 4: None of these.


Principle: Fair criticism doesn’t constitute defamation under section 499 of the IPC, 1860.

Facts: In a public gathering at Castamere Palace, Robb Stark tells Roose Bolton, “ If you allow me, I will call you a dishonest, unfaithful and corrupt person.”

OPTION 1: Robb’s statement was not defamatory because he sought Roose’s permission.

OPTION 2: Robb’s statement was not defamatory because even Roose knows that he (Roose) is not faithful.

OPTION 3: Robb’s statement is defamatory.

OPTION 4: Not defamatory because Robb is an honourable man just like his father.


Facts: A driver of a tourist bus, while negotiating an unmanned railway crossing at a speed of 32 Kmph clashed against a passenger train. Consequently, one of the tourists was killed. On investigation, it was found that the driver could not stop the bus because of a defect in the brakes not known to him. Is he guilty of negligence?

OPTION 1: NO, he is not.

OPTION 2: Yes.

OPTION 3: No, because this is an act of god.

OPTION 4: None of these.


Principle: Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits “extortion”.

Facts: Phoebe entered Ursula’s house, caught hold of Ursula’s son C. Minnathi and threatened to stab him if Ursula didn’t give him 15,000 immediately. Ursula did so. Has Phoebe committed extortion?

OPTION 1: Phoebe has committed theft, not extortion.

OPTION 2: Phoebe has committed extortion.

OPTION 3: Phoebe has committed both theft and extortion.

OPTION 4: Phoebe has not committed any offence.


Principle: Whoever, by words either spoken or intended to be read, or by signs or by visible representations, makes or publishes any imputation concerning any person intending to harm, or knowing or having reason to believe that such imputation will harm, the reputation of such person, is said to defame that person.

Facts: Jarvis writes a defamatory letter to Captain America containing defamatory remarks in reference to Captain America in Gibberish Language. Jarvis is aware that Captain does not know Gibberish. Captain goes to Baby Groot who knows Gibberish. The letter is read over by Baby Groot. Captain sues Jarvis for defamation.

OPTION 1: Jarvis is liable.

OPTION 2: Jarvis is not liable because the letter is addressed to Captain and not Baby Groot

OPTION 3: Jarvis is not liable because Baby Groot is a friend of Captain and Jarvis.

OPTION 4: Jarvis is not liable because Jarvis is unaware that the letter can be read over by someone else to Captain.


Principle: Whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of with description for a term which may extend to two years or with fine, or with both.

Facts: Two buses under DTC operation were trying to overtake each other on the Mozo Ring road. One of the two buses collided with a lorry, overturned and plunged into a pond resulting in the death of Mr. Useless. Is the driver guilty of offence of causing death by negligence?



OPTION 3: No, because overtaking doesn’t constitute rash and negligent driving.

OPTION 4: None of the above.


Principle: Attempt is an act done with an intent to commit crime, and forming part of the series of acts which would constitute actual commission of the crime, if not interrupted.

Facts: Athul Khatru intending to murder George Clooney by poison purchases poison and mixes the same with a glass of water. He gave to the bearer to serve George Clooney. The bearer while George. Loses the balance and the glass drops out of his tray.

OPTION 1: Athul has not committed any offence.

OPTION 2: Athul has committed the offence of attempt to murder.

OPTION 3: Athul has committed the offence of murder.

OPTION 4: Athul has not committed an offence of murder because nothing happened to George.


Principle: No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once.

Facts: Joey is accused of harassing her colleague Kathy. She complains to her superior and a departmental inquiry is initiated against Joey. Joey tries to intimidate Kathy and continues harassing her following which she complains to the police. The departmental inquiry finds him guilty and terminates his services. Later, he is found guilty and is jailed for 2 years. He claims that he has been punished twice.

OPTION 1: His claim will not be accepted.

OPTION 2: His claim will be accepted since he has been punished twice.

OPTION 3: His claim will not be accepted because the earlier proceeding was not held before a court or judicial tribunal.

OPTION 4: None of above


Principle: Nothing is an offence, which is done by a person who is, or who by reason of a mistake of fact and not by reason of a mistake of law in good faith believes himself to be, bound by law to do it.

Facts: Sarkar, soldier, fires on a mob by the order of his superior officer, in conformity with the commands of the law. Anand is killed due to such firing. Is Sarkar guilty of murder?

OPTION 1: Yes, he should have taken due care to avoid any innocent person from getting killed.

OPTION 2: No, he is bound by law to do it.

OPTION 3: Yes, he has killed a person.

OPTION 4: Superior officer is guilty.


Principle: Whoever harbours or protects an enemy shall be punished with death.

Facts: Dr. Strange, a doctor treats a wounded man and makes him well. Later, it emerges that the wounded man was actually an enemy. Is the sentence of death appropriate in this case?

OPTION 1: No, because death penalty has been abolished in the Republic of Marvel.

OPTION 2: No, because death penalty is awarded only in the rarest cases and this penalty is too harsh in this case.

OPTION 3: No, because Dr. Strange did not harbour or protect the wounded man, he merely treated him.

OPTION 4:No, because whatever Dr. Strange did, he did not do knowingly.


Facts: The farm of Sander Clegane on outskirts on the Delhi was attacked by a gang of armed robbers. Sander Clegane without informing the police, at first warmed the robbers by firing in the air. As they were fleeing from the farm, he fired and killed one of them. At the trial

A: Clegane can avail the right of private defence as he was defending his life and property

B: Clegane cannot avail the right as he failed to inform the police

C: Clegane cannot avail the right as he caused more harm than was necessary to ward off the danger

D: Clegane can avail of the right as at first he only fired in the air

Option 1: A and D

Option 2: B and C

Option 3: Only C

Option 4: Only B

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